Piaget – if the model doesn’t fit it will be rejected.
Learning that they are seperate from their environment via movements and reflex actions. Things continue to exist even when they can’t be seen.
2 Pre-Operational (3-6?)
New knowledge the child begins to use symbols etc.
Difficulty conceptualising time.
Influenced by fantasy.
Have trouble seeing things from other people’s perspective.
Information is changed so it fits their model of the world?
3. Concrete (7-13)
Can’t make abstractions…
4. Formal Operations (14+)
No need to experience the physical
Hypothetical and deductive thinking. Deductive reasoning.
The 4th form may be missed by standardised testing.
Are we valuing hypothetical and deductive reasoning?
An egocentric person identifies themselves with their beliefs / rules / relationship.
The needs of others aren’t considered. When needs aren’t met the plot becomes the central theme.
Egocentricity is just a stage that most of us don’t get through.
Egocentricity is great 6 months but not at 30 years old.
Graves knew that we were ready for a leap.
He studied why they do what they do…